At the Rug Cleaning Centre we know that recognition and experience are most important factors when cleaning rugs. Each and every rug needs specific attention before cleaning. We work with hundreds of rugs every week, so we understand what it takes to deliver the right results. We have recently invested in world first technology for the washing and drying of rugs of all types.Our automated dusting machine removes dry soiling from the rug using a gentle harmonic beating system combined with powerful vacuum.The use of our 1000rpm centrifugal spinner to remove around 95% of all water in your rug has now eliminated the risk of browning or colour- which has long been a problem for rug cleaners world-wide
The basic principle of the handmade carpet is the same all over the world. Of course there are certain variations depending upon locality. Basically once the design and size of the rug has been decided, the loom is set up.Then vertical thread called warp is looped around the upper and lower wooden frame of the loom. Then horizontal thread called weft is applied to the warp in such a way that it is directed over and under warp threads (right to left).The design can be formed simply by adding colored weft forming a flat weave rug or using a row of knots by looping a yarn around two warp threads. Then each row of knots is being secured by two rows of weft threads, and so on until the rug is completed. Finally a process of cutting and shearing followed by washing proceed.
FOUNDATION The foundation (base) of a rug is the first step in construction of a rug. The warp thread is set by looping it around the top and bottom of the frame and then the weft thread is applied by passing it through the warp in such a way that one goes up and the next goes under. Primitive flat weave rug is created by adding colored weft to the warp thread, however this process is different from pile rugs. Most pile rugs today use one row of knots and two rows of weft, one is the hold the second one is the guide. Of course this count can vary depending upon stylistic changes in the carpet. The material which is used for the base is usually cotton, but there is also wool, silk and flax being used.
The loom is a wooden rectangular frame (sometimes metal) that the rug weaver uses to make a handmade carpet on it. Generally there are two kinds of loom. Vertical and horizontal loom, with slight variations occurring from time to time. Mostly nomads use the horizontal loom, since it is small and easy to transport. The rug that is produced by horizontal loom is small and narrow. Almost all carpets today use vertical loom.
The main step in the creation of any hand made rug is its design. Color combination, motifs and frequently used symbols are essential design elements of a hand-made carpet. Traditionally designers are usually weavers too. When a weaver feels he has to tell a story, he weaves a rug. Rugs that are designed this way are rare and valuable. Concentration of colors in ordered patters creates the design. Designs elements in hand made carpet can be substituted as means of interaction.
|THE KNOTThe knot is a yarn of fiber, which loops around two adjacent warp threads. Knot is the carrier of a design. By the concentration of colored knots in a specific order a design can be created. Think of a knot as an individual mosaic. Usually the Knot is made of wool, silk or cotton. Generally there are two types of knots, single loop and double loopSINGLE LOOP KNOT (Persian Knot),Asymmetric KnotThe Single knot (Farsi knot or Persian knot) is created by looping a yarn of wool around two adjacent warp threads in a way that create a full loop around one warp and then makes a half loop around a second adjacent warp thread. This method of knotting was invented around the seventh century. It is important to note that the base of a rug that is made using Farsi knot is three dimensional and it has two plains. Asymmetric method of knotting has allowed weavers to weave a high degree of resolution. The symbolic shape of the knot resembles three characters from the Persian alphabet. Rugs made by this method have longer life expectancy than double loop knot. This method of knotting should be used when resolution of over 100 knot per square inch is desired . Persian knots is created without the use of any tools, bare hands are involve in making the knot. Smaller hands produce better quality rugs.|
|DOUBLE LOOP KNOT ( JOFTY KNOT, TURKISH KNOT, KURDISH KNOT ) Turkish knot is constructed by looping the yarn of wool around two adjacent warps in such a way, that the yarn passes between two warp threads and loops around both of them. It’s symbolic shape is suggestive of man’s reproductive organ. The Turkish knot is said to be the oldest method of three-dimensional weaving. It was develop by Persian some 8000 years ago. Pazarek rug discovery is inevitable historical evidence left to us from 3000 years ago.|
|THE WARPThe vertical foundation thread of the rug that at the ends become fringes. Usually it is made of cotton, it could also be made of wool, silk, or rarely flax. THE WEFT The horizontal thread of the rug foundation that is alternating through warp threads ending in both sides of the rug. Most of pile rugs have two rows of weft thread, one being thicker then the other. Usually made of cotton, it could also be made of wool or silk.|